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An elderly woman wearing a face mask to curb the spread of coronavirus, walks in central Athens on Jan. 17.Petros Giannakouris/The Associated Press

Greece imposed a vaccination mandate Monday for people 60 and older as a spike in infections has put sustained pressure on Greek hospitals, where most of the seriously ill patients belong to that age group.

Older people failing to get vaccinated will face penalties, starting at a €50 ($71.38) fine in January, followed by a monthly fine of €100 after that.

About 69 per cent of Greece’s 10.7 million people are fully vaccinated, just less than the EU average of 70.3 per cent. COVID-19 deaths and daily hospitalizations in Greece have increased after the arrival of the highly contagious Omicron variant, although the overwhelming majority of people in the hospital or dying of the virus have the Delta variant. Pressure on ICU capacity has eased slightly.

Health Minister Thanos Plevris said the fines would be collected through the tax office with the money going to help fund state hospitals.

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“The age factor is important because of its impact on the public-health service,” Mr. Plevris told private Open TV on Sunday.

Greece imposed a vaccination mandate for health care workers last year. And starting Feb. 1, vaccination certificates for adults will expire after seven months unless the holder receives a booster shot.

New infections surged sharply in early January but have eased over the past week.

The vaccination mandate for the 60-and-older age group was announced in late December and, according to government data, 41.5 per cent of the 530,000 people targeted by the measure are now fully vaccinated.

Opinion polls suggest strong public support for the mandate, but some lawmakers across party lines have questioned the legality of singling out a specific group. The government defended the measure as constitutional, citing a 2020 high court decision allowing public daycare centres to refuse children who had not been vaccinated for childhood illnesses.

Government spokesman Giannis Oikonomou said only people with legitimate health exemptions, those who had suffered a recent infection and applicants for home vaccination appointments that were delayed would be spared the fine.

“The law will be fully enforced,” Mr. Oikonomou said.

Greece has the seventh oldest population in the world, as measured by share of residents 65 and older, according to the U.S.-based Population Reference Bureau. It has seen nearly 22,000 virus-related deaths in the pandemic.

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