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Optimism among fund managers over global growth has hit an all-time low, while concerns the world economy is heading into a stagflation scenario rose to the highest since August, 2008, a monthly survey by investment bank BoFA Securities showed on Tuesday.

The survey, which took the views of firms managing a total of more than US$833-billion, is one of the biggest regular tests of fund manager views and comes as inflationary pressures rise even as the risk of recession increases in major economies.

Asked about their expectations for global growth in the coming months, a net 71 per cent of survey respondents were pessimistic about prospects, the most since the survey records began in the early 1990s.

Though fund manager holdings of cash - traditionally an indicator of investor caution - eased to 5.5 per cent in the April edition of the survey from 5.9 per cent in the previous month, prospects of a global recession remain the top “tail risk” for global markets, the survey found.

The Russia-Ukraine conflict has receded to fourth place.

Allocations to commodities jumped to a record 38 per cent, with investments into oil and commodities zipping up the charts to become the top most “crowded trade”.

Other “long” positions were in resources stocks and healthcare, while “short” bets - by investors expecting a decline in prices - were evident in bonds and cyclical stocks whose performance is most linked to economic growth, BoFA said.

Participants in the survey expect the U.S. Federal Reserve to raise interest rates by as many as seven times in the current cycle, compared with four times in the previous edition, with a majority of investors expecting inflation to soften over the next 12 months.

Global profit expectations deteriorated to their weakest levels since March, 2020, BoFA said.

In terms of regional stock market allocations, investors were most bullish on U.S. equities, while European and UK equities were the top bearish bets.

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