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From HSBC and Volvo in Europe to Apple and McDonalds on Wall Street, first-quarter earnings are coming in thick and fast. But will they give lackluster stock markets a lift?

In France, a Marine Le Pen presidency looks unlikely. Then again, what seemed impossible in January may come to pass soon -- a Russian sovereign debt default.

Here’s a look at the week ahead in markets:


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Centrist presidential candidate and French President Emmanuel Macron wears boxing gloves as he campaigns in the Auguste Delaune stadium Thursday, April 21 in Saint-Denis, outside Paris.Francois Mori/The Associated Press

Unlike in 2017, investors haven’t had to fret this year that French presidential elections would result in “Frexit.” If opinion polls are right, they don’t need to worry either that far-right candidate Marine Le Pen may win Sunday’s runoff vote.

Incumbent Emmanuel Macron, who has led the euro area’s second-biggest economy for five years, enjoys a 12-point lead over Le Pen, and emerged the stronger candidate after a key TV debate.

French bond yield premia over top-rated Germany are stable as is the euro, unlike in 2017 when Le Pen espoused ditching the single currency.

Still, a Le Pen presidency, which would trigger a constitutional crisis, has never been closer. And even if Macron wins, he cannot count on a majority in June’s parliament election.

So, the real test for markets may be yet to come. And history shows opinion polls can get election outcomes wrong.


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A businessman walks near the Bank of Japan headquarters in Tokyo, Japan, Feb. 15, 2016.Thomas Peter/Reuters

Ahead of Thursday’s policy meeting, the Bank of Japan has left no doubt about its commitment to supercharged stimulus, leaping into markets to defend its 0% bond yield target -- even at the expense of a plunging currency.

The contrast between the BOJ and the hawkish Federal Reserve is at the heart of the yen’s tumble to a two-decade trough near 130 per dollar.

The yen’s 11% fall in the course of a month has prompted warnings from finance minister Shunichi Suzuki against rapid depreciation, putting markets on alert for an intervention. But BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda has stuck to the view that yen weakness overall is a positive for Japan.

The IMF seems to agree. A senior official said yen moves were down to fundamentals and there was no need to change policy, including the BOJ’s ultra-low rate stance.


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A Facebook user logs in on his mobile at a cafe in Hanoi, Vietnam Nov. 19, 2020.KHAM/Reuters

It’s been a gloomy year so far for U.S. stocks and for tech firms, and the ongoing results season could make it worse.

Netflix’s share rout after reporting falling subscriber numbers has sparked trepidation about upcoming earnings from Facebook-parent Meta, Google-parent Alphabet. Apple and Amazon .

This so-called FAANG grouping benefited hugely from the low-rate, work-from-home environment. But with interest rates on the rise, their shares have cumulatively lost some $2.5 trillion in market value this year.

Overall S&P 500 earnings are projected to expand 6.3%. But Apple quarterly adjusted earnings-per-share are seen growing by just 2% versus the year-ago period, while a 0.7% dip is expected at Alphabet. And EPS declines at Amazon and Meta could be as much as 49% and 24% respectively, Refinitiv data shows.


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A British Airway airplane climbs after taking off at London City Airport in London on Oct. 27, 2017.DANIEL LEAL-OLIVAS/Getty Images

As the Ukraine war rages, European companies’ full-year earnings revisions -- the number of upgrades minus downgrades -- have turned negative the first time since October 2020 .

Q1 earnings growth will still be 25%, Refinitiv projects, possibly enough to lift a bearishly positioned market. Yet, with more than 140 companies unveiling earnings during the April 25-29 week, there are questions over cost pressures and whether these can be passed to consumers.

Giants such as Nestle and Danone managed to grow Q1 earnings while raising prices, but smaller peers may struggle to do so.

Leading banks, including UBS, Deutsche, HSBC and Barclays also report; after a disappointing Q1 share performance, the prospect of higher rates is now lifting the sector.


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Governor of Russian Central Bank Elvira Nabiullina attends a session of the State Duma, the lower house of parliament, in Moscow, Russia April 21.RUSSIAN STATE DUMA/Reuters

Russian central bank governor Elvira Nabiullina starts her new five-year term in charge of monetary policy with a big to-do list: dealing with a full-scale crisis caused by unprecedented and ever widening Western sanctions.

The economy is expected to suffer its steepest contraction since the years following the 1991 fall of the Soviet Union, Russia is on the cusp of debt default and annual inflation has soared past 20%.

Still, Nabiullina may cut interest rates on Friday, possibly by 200 basis points, from the current 17%. That will partly reverse the emergency rate hike the central bank was forced into after the Kremlin’s February 24 invasion of Ukraine.

Rate-setters are also expected to discuss lifting capital controls, and the need to recapitalise some banks.

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