U.S. job growth increased more than expected in April amid strong hiring in manufacturing, as well as the leisure and hospitality industry, underscoring the economy’s strong fundamentals despite a drop in output in the first quarter.
Though the U.S. Labor Department’s closely watched employment report on Friday showed a moderation in wage gains last month, wage pressures are likely to continue to build amid record job openings. About 363,000 people left the labour force in April.
The economy contracted last quarter under the weight of a record trade deficit. The Federal Reserve is trying to tighten monetary policy to bring down inflation without tipping the economy into recession.
“There’s nothing here to interest the Fed one way or the other,” said Chris Low, chief economist at FHN Financial in New York.
The survey of establishments showed nonfarm payrolls rose by 428,000 jobs last month. Data for March was revised slightly lower to show 428,000 jobs added, instead of 431,000 as previously reported.
Economists polled by Reuters had forecast payrolls would rise by 391,000 jobs. Estimates ranged from a low of 188,000 to a high of 517,000. Employment is now 1.2 million jobs below its prepandemic level. It was the 12th straight month of employment gains in excess of 400,000.
The broad increase in hiring last month was led by the leisure and hospitality sector, which added 78,000 jobs. Restaurants and bars contributed 44,000 jobs to those gains.
Manufacturing payrolls rose by 55,000 jobs. Transportation and warehousing employment increased by 52,000 jobs, pushing it 674,000 above its February, 2020, level. Employment in the professional and business services also rose and is now 738,000 above its prepandemic level.
The Fed on Wednesday raised its policy interest rate by half a percentage point, the biggest hike in 22 years, and said it would begin trimming its bond holdings next month. The U.S. central bank started raising rates in March. Fed chair Jerome Powell told reporters, “the labour market is extremely tight, and inflation is much too high.”
U.S. stocks opened lower and the dollar fell against a basket of currencies. U.S. Treasury yields were largely higher.
Details of the household survey from which the unemployment rate is derived were weak. Household employment dropped by 353,000 jobs. The stream of people rejoining the labour force virtually dried up, with 363,000 exiting. A total of 722,000 people entered the labour force in February and March.
As a result, the unemployment rate was unchanged at 3.6 per cent.
The labour force participation rate, or the proportion of working-age Americans who have a job or are looking for one, fell to 62.2 per cent from a two-year high of 62.4 per cent in March.
That drop occurred despite reports of retirees returning to the work force because of the rising cost of living, with annual inflation surging at its quickest pace in more than 40 years.
There were a record 11.5 million job openings on the last day of March, which widened the jobs-workers gap to an all-time high of 3.4 per cent of the labour force from 3.1 per cent in February.
Average hourly earnings increased 0.3 per cent after advancing 0.5 per cent in March. That lowered the year-on-year increase in wages to a still robust 5.5 per cent from 5.6 per cent in March. Compensation for American workers logged its largest increase in more than three decades in the first quarter, helping to keep domestic demand supported.
Though Powell on Wednesday said a 75-basis-point rate hike was not on the table, some economists believe the Fed could raise its benchmark interest rate above its neutral rate, which is estimated to be between 2 per cent and 3 per cent.
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