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Saudi Aramco engineers and journalists look at the Hawiyah Natural Gas Liquids Recovery Plant, which is designed to process 4.0 billion standard cubic feet per day of sweet gas, a natural gas that does not contain significant amounts of hydrogen sulfide, in Hawiyah, in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. The world's largest oil company, Saudi Aramco, reported $30.4 billion in net income in the third quarter Sunday, Oct. 31, 2021, bolstered by a surge in oil prices and recovery in demand as the coronavirus pandemic eases.Amr Nabil/The Associated Press

The world’s largest oil company, Saudi Aramco, reported US$30.4-billion in third-quarter net income on Sunday, bolstered by a surge in oil prices and recovery in demand as the coronavirus pandemic eases.

Saudi Arabia’s majority state-owned oil giant Aramco, formally known as the Saudi Arabian Oil Co., said its net income more than doubled from US$11.8-billion during the same three-month period a year earlier. Last year’s figure came after profits plunged dramatically as global lockdowns slammed oil prices. Net income refers to the amount left after taxes and preferred dividends have been paid.

Aramco chief executive Amin Nasser described the company’s third-quarter results as “exceptional,” a result of “increased economic activity in key markets and a rebound in energy demand,” even as supply chain bottlenecks imperiled the global economic recovery.

The 158-per-cent spike in earnings follows the global loosening of virus-induced restrictions, tightening of gas supplies and acceleration of vaccination campaigns that have pushed prices of crude sharply higher. The price of international benchmark Brent crude was trading at more than US$83.50 a barrel on Sunday.

Consumers and companies are using more gasoline and airplane fuel as governments relax restrictions, leading to a rally across energy markets.

“We are optimistic that energy demand will remain healthy for the foreseeable future,” Mr. Nasser said.

Crude prices have been helped by production cuts made by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and their allies, a group known as OPEC+, which meets later this week.

As consumption picks up, the group has gradually started adding barrels back to the market, with plans to pump 400,000 more barrels a day each month through December and raise Saudi Arabia’s limit of 11 million barrels to 11.5 million next year.

The third-quarter earnings from the oil giant, which listed a sliver of its shares three years ago, represented a major improvement from the same quarter before the pandemic in 2019, which brought in US$21.3-billion.

Shares of Aramco finished 0.4 per cent higher on Sunday following the earnings report, with a share costing 37.90 riyals, or US$10.10 on Riyadh’s Tadawul stock market. Its market capitalization of $2 trillion, just below Apple’s, makes it one of the world’s most valuable companies.

Aramco declared a dividend of US$18.8-billion in the third quarter, in line with its target, which will be paid in the fourth quarter. The company has said it would stick by a pledge to pay a US$75-billion dividend, nearly all of which will go to the Saudi government, which owns around 98 per cent of the company.

Free cash flow rose to US$28.7-billion, solidly above the state-backed firm’s quarterly dividend.

The firm’s capital expenditure, which is mostly directed toward pumping more oil, was US$7.60-billion in the third quarter – an increase of 19 per cent from a year earlier.

The company posted the bumper earnings as the major United Nations climate summit opened in Glasgow, where world leaders are due to discuss growing global efforts to tackle climate change this week.

Saudi Arabia has joined more than 100 countries in pledging to cut its carbon emissions to net-zero by 2060. However, it has no plans to change its status as a global leader in oil and gas production even as pressure grows on governments to invest in more renewable energy.

Aramco’s financial health is crucial to Saudi Arabia’s stability. Despite efforts by Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to diversify the economy, the kingdom still depends heavily on oil exports to fuel government spending.

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