Russia said it would work out practical arrangements by Thursday for foreign companies to pay for its gas in rubles, raising the probability of supply disruptions as Western countries have so far rejected Moscow’s demand for a currency switch.
Russian President Vladimir Putin’s order last week to charge “unfriendly” countries in rubles for the country’s gas has boosted the currency after it fell to all-time lows when the West imposed sweeping sanctions against Moscow over its invasion of Ukraine.
“No one will supply gas for free, it is simply impossible, and you can pay for it only in rubles,” Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov told reporters on Tuesday.
The speaker of Russia’s upper house of parliament, Valentina Matviyenko, said Moscow was ready if Europe refused to buy Russian energy and could redirect supplies to Asian markets among others, TASS news agency reported.
European countries, which mostly pay in euros, say Russia is not entitled to redraw contracts. The Group of Seven rejected Moscow’s demands this week.
European wholesale gas prices made further gains this week on concerns supplies could stop, although Russia has so far met contractual obligations for gas sales to Europe.
Mr. Peskov said that, in line with a March 31 deadline set by Putin for the ruble payments, “all modalities are being developed so that this system is simple, understandable and feasible for respected European and international buyers.”
G7 countries urged companies not to agree to ruble payments and said most supply contracts stipulated euros or dollars.
“That’s a position that we share,” a European Commission spokesperson told a news conference in Brussels on Tuesday.
The European Commission said last week it was assessing scenarios that included a full halt to Russian gas supplies next winter, as part of its contingency planning for supply shocks.
Europe receives around 40 per cent of its gas from Russia. Imports were at around 155 billion cubic metres (bcm) last year.
Mr. Putin’s demand has stoked fears in Germany, Europe’s top economy that is heavily reliant on Russian gas, about potential disruptions and the impact on industries and households should utilities fail to pay in rubles.
Without Russian supplies the German economy faced “massive damages, which should be avoided if in any way possible,” E.ON chief executive Leonhard Birnbaum told German television, saying the country needed three years to become independent of Russian gas.
In case of disruption, he said Germany’s gas network regulator would prioritize heating for homes over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would bear the initial brunt of any supply cuts.
Data from Gas Infrastructure Europe show European Union gas storage sites were 26 per cent full now, highlighting the challenge of replacing Russia as an energy provider.
The European Commission has proposed legislation requiring EU countries to fill storage to at least 80 per cent this year.
Markus Krebber, CEO of Germany’s largest utility RWE and a customer of Gazprom, said Germany could only cope with a complete halt to Russian gas imports for a very brief period.
The head of the Ukrainian gas transmission network also said Ukraine, through which some pipelines supplying Russian gas to Europe pass, needed to accumulate 17 bcm of gas for next winter by the end of October, saying this would be difficult.
Refinitiv analyst wrote in a report that EU storage would stand at 23 per cent by Oct. 1 if Russian supplies were completely stopped through the summer and there was no additional supply.
“These levels are a direct threat to the energy supply security in Europe,” the analysts said, adding that storage could reach 58 per cent – still very low – if transmissions of liquefied natural gas from northwestern Europe was maximized and pipeline imports increased from alternative suppliers.
Washington and Brussels struck a deal last week for the U.S. to supply 15 bcm of LNG this year, although that would not alone fully replace Russian gas imports.
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